THE ROUTE OF QUEEN OF SHEBA

Tigray, Ethiopia - View on map
  • People
Description

The old tradition of Queen of Sheba goes back to the 10th C BC and she is well known after she made an official visit to King Solomon of Israel.  She went to Israel after the King Solomon had sent messages to all the merchants of the world in order to bring him provisions he required for the building of his Temple in Jerusalem and he would pay them back with gold and silver. After Tarmrin, who was the Queen’s merchant and got an opportunity to meet the king and took short lessons of his wisdom, was one of the first who responded to the Kings call. Then the Queen made a historic visit to the court of King Solomon in Jerusalem.

She set out with a caravan of Seven hundred ninety seven camels and Mules and asses laden with gold, ivory, precious stones and spices. Gradually, she began worshiping to the God of Israel abandoning the gods of Sun, Moon, and stars in her six months stay in the palace.

King Solomon said to her that “A women of such splendid beauty has come to me from the end of the earth. Will God give me seed in her?”, Then as he wished the queen become pregnant and a son was born named Menilk 1st, who latter become the legal line for the Solomoni dynasty until 1974.

Based on the traditions of the queen there are different living legends which passes from generation to generation by word of mouth. Aksum’s living traditions are sustained by the legends that course through its veins. Mai Shum, the Queen of Sheba Baths, is a monument to a revered ruler who is celebrated across religious texts. Each year, thousands of white-clad pilgrims gather here to renew their faith, symbolically re-enacting the sacrament of baptism.

On the fringe between city and countryside stands the grand stone podium of the Palace of  Dungur, reputedly the Queen of Sheba’s residence. Recent archaeological excavations have given substance to these oral traditions, legitimising Aksum as both a birthplace of myth, and a seat of verifiable history. The western (Gudit) stele filed west of the old town of Axum there are hundreds of fallen stele and there is one with 7.5m height which is believed to be the grave of the queen.

On the way to Fatsi following   same road to Asmara there is an old historic place called Enda Teklehaimanot church, locally known as Ona Adi. Gradually, this place named Gulo Mekeda(Makida another names for Queen of Sheba), was identified as one of the old palaces of Queen of Sheba. Archeologically it has been underexcavasion by Canadian and Ethiopian Archaeologists and it has also been well developed for tourists as well.

Location